Infantigo - Pictures, Contagious, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Infantigo is a kind of highly contagious skin infection. Infantigo occurs most commonly in infants and children. Infantigo usually appears as red sores on the face, especially around a child's nose and mouth. The sores burst and develop honey-colored crusts.



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Infantigo Definition 

Infantigo is defined as a condition in which red colored sores pop up on skin. It occurs secondary to bacterial infection. It is highly contagious and spread readily on direct contact. Infantigo is a common disease which occurs in kids.

The main causative agent due to which infantigo occurs is staphylococcus aureus, or more rarely streptococcus pyogenes bacteria. Children account for about 70% of all cases. Initial sign and symptoms of infantigo is a patch of red, itchy skin. In cold areas infantigo occurs most commonly by staphylococcus aureus while in warmer areas the infection can be caused by both types of bacteria.


What is Infantigo Disease 

Infantigo is an infectious bacterial skin disease most common in preschool children. People who play close physical games like wrestling are more prone to this infectious disease. Antibiotics in solid dosage form or in topical form like cream are more commonly used to treat infantigo.

All around infantigo influenced about 140 million individuals (2% of the populace) in 2010. Infantigo prevalence is not so common in adults. The name gets from the Latin impetere ("ambush"). It is otherwise called school sores.

Infantigo may clear all alone in a few weeks. Use of antibiotics may decrease the severity of disease and limit the time span of disease.You may need to keep your kid home from school or day care until he or she is no more infectious, which is typically 24 to 48 hours after you start anti-microbial treatment. Without anti-biotics, infantigo is infectious until the sores heal.


Infantigo Types 

Infantigo has two major types non bullous infantigo and bullous infantigo.

Non bullous infantigo

This most prevalent type of infantigo is termed as non bullous infantigo, infantigo contagiosa or contagious infantigo. It starts as a red sore close to the nose or mouth which soon breaks, spilling discharge or liquid, and forms a honey-colored scab, took after by a red imprint which mends without leaving a scar.

Although, these sores are not agonizing, but they may cause irritation and discomfort. Lymph nodes present in the affected zone might be swollen, however fever is uncommon. Touching or scratching the sores may effectively spread the disease to different parts of the body.

Bullous infantigo

Bullous infantigo, basically common in kids having age more than 2 years.  It starts by little, liquid filled rankles, generally on the arms, legs, and trunk, encompassed by red and irritated (however not sore) skin. The rankles might be vast or little. After they break, they leave yellow scabs.

Ecthyma

In this type of , fluid filled liquid or discharge filled sores with redness of skin, normally on the arms and legs, turn into ulcers that infiltrate more profound into the dermis. After they tear up, they shaped into  hard, thick, dark yellow scabs, that leave behind scars. Ecthyma might be involved with swollen lymph nodes in the affected zone.


Infantigo Signs and Symptoms  

Cardinal features of infantigo include red bruises that rapidly burst, overflow for a couple days and after that frame a yellowish-chestnut outside. The wounds normally happen around the nose and mouth yet can be spread to different zones of the body by fingers, garments and towels.

A less normal type of the infection, called bullous impetigo, may include bigger rankles that happen on the trunk or diaper zone of babies and young children.

A more specific type of infantigo, called ecthyma, infiltrates more profound into the skin — bringing about thick liquid or pus filled sores that transform into profound ulcers

Infantigo Causes  

It is primarily caused by a micro organism called Staphylococcus aureus, and in some cases by Streptococcus pyogenes. Both bullous and non bullous are basically occurred due to Staphylococcus aureus, with Streptococcus likewise usually being included in the non bullous type.

Predisposing factors

Predisposing factors incorporate poor cleanliness, unhealthiness, and anemia. Infantigo much more in individuals who live in warm weather areas.

Transmission

The contamination is spread by direct contact with blisters or with nasal discharge. The incubation period is 1–3 days after exposure to Streptococcus and 4–10 days for Staphylococcus. Dried streptococci suspended in air along with dust particles are not infectious to intact skin.Scratching may spread the sores.

Infantigo Treatment  

Anti-microbial drugs are the pillar of impetigo treatment. These medications can be used in the form of solid dosage form or topical form like cream that you apply specifically to the wounds. You may need to first soak the affected area in warm water or use wet compresses to help remove the overlying scabs.

If you have more intensive form of infantigo, your specialist may prescribe anti-microbial drugs for oral administration. Make sure to complete the whole course of medicine regardless of the fact that the blisters are mended. This thing prevents the recurrence of disease and makes the antibiotics less likely to be resistant.

Topical antibiotics

Anti-microbials are applied specifically on to the skin. The specialist may endorse mupirocin balm (Bactroban). Before applying treatment, scabs should be tenderly cleared so that the antimicrobial drugs can get deep into the skin.

It is critical to first wash affected regions of skin with warm, lathery water before applying a topical anti-microbial drug. It is highly recommended that use latex gloves while applying the cream. After application on skin wash you hand thoroughly. The patient should respond to treatment within seven days.

Oral Antibiotics

These are intended to be swallowed and are recommended when the impetigo is more intense or if topical antibiotics become ineffective. The choice of antibiotic drug depends upon various factor for example causative agent, patient health profile, age factor and disease symptoms.

A course of antibiotics normally keeps going around 7 days. It is critical to finish the course, regardless of the possibility that side effects clear up right on time. Antibiotic agents may have the accompanying reactions, which ordinarily vanish within a couple of days of therapy.



How to Treat and Prevent Infantigo

Improved cleanliness is the most ideal approach to diminish the danger of developing or spreading the impetigo. Cuts, scratches, brushes, and creepy crawly chomps ought to be washed promptly and kept clean. In the event that some individual has impetigo it is vital to keep their belongings segregated from other individuals, and to take after strict cleanliness measures.

 The following measures should be taken in order to prevent disease from spreading.

  • Wash the affected areas with medicated soap or use some hand sanitizer.
  • Then cover the area lightly with gauze
  • Do not touch the sores. Encourage the patient not to touch the sores
  • The patient's clothes, bedding, towels and other toiletries should be washed daily
  • The patient's clothes must not be shared or worn by other people
  • When applying antibiotic ointment wear gloves, and wash hands thoroughly afterwards
  • Keep the patient's nails short to reduce scratching
  • Wash hands and the patient's hands often
  • Isolate the patient until sure they are not contagious.

Infantigo Images  

Infantigo - Pictures, Contagious, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment


Infantigo - Pictures, Contagious, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment


Infantigo in Adults  

Adults are less prone to infantigo as compared to infants, babies and children. Those adults or elder people who are living or working in congested and dense areas are more likely to get infantigo as compared to those who are living in natural habitat.

Moreover, adults have immunity strong enough to cope with infantigo without using medications in most of the cases. In some instances, use of antibiotics either in topical or oral administration become necessary to avoid further complications.

Infantigo in Babies 

Babies who have borned with compromised immune system are more likely get infantigo. Proper cleanliness is very critical factor in spreading of disease to other parts of body. Infantigo is contagious disease so keep you babies away from infected individuals. Currently there is no vaccine available against infantigo for prophylactic measures or active immunization.

Infantigo in Children 

 School going or socially active children are the main target of this disease it spreads very quickly from one person to another. Though it is not air borne disease but still it is very contagious and if person contact with contaminated material or touch the infected place he is most likely to get this disease. The only way to keep your children safe from this disease is to curb the chances of spreading disease to other children.

Infantigo in Men  

Infantigo is common in men and women. There is no evidence of gender specificity for this disease. Men have equal chances to get this disease just like women. The only thing that creates the difference is living style, nature of social activities and personal hygiene.  

Infantigo in Women  

As i mentioned above there is no evidence of gender specificity for this disease but in case of women who are involved in excessive use of cosmetic products are more prone to infantigo due to chances of contamination. The reason behind this contamination is that most of the cosmetic products, even some medicated products are not manufactured in sterile environment due to burden of extra cost.

Is Infantigo Contagious?  

 Infantigo is a highly contagious bacterial skin infection. It can appear anywhere on the body but usually attacks exposed areas. Children tend to get it on the face, especially around the nose and mouth, and sometimes on the arms or legs.

Infantigo may clear all alone in a few weeks. Use of antibiotics may decrease the severity of disease and limit the time span of disease.You may need to keep your kid home from school or day care until he or she is no more infectious, which is typically 24 to 48 hours after you start anti-microbial treatment. Without antibiotics, infantigo is infectious until the sores heal.

Infantigo Home Remedies  

 Abstain from touching the scabs or scratching the area to restrict its spreading to other body parts. Additionally, loosely wrap a dressing around the area that can be easily removed to prevent the distribution of blisters to other areas.

  • Prepare a characteristic antibiotic recipe by mixing one tablespoon of white refined vinegar in some water and apply on affected zone for 15 minutes or so all the time to cut down the disease, and to eliminate of the scabs.

  • Oils separated from olive, tea tree, and myrrh can be applied topically over the tainted skin regions to eliminate the microscopic organisms creating the contamination.

  • Take in 2-3 spoons of manuka nectar before each feast because of the antiseptic effects this nectar has, which will empower the immune system to fight against the microscopic organisms.

Techniques that serve as home cures are normally slow to act. So, for better results continuity of these home remedies is critical until they completely eradicate the infection from body.

What does Infantigo Look Like  

This kind of impetigo for the most part starts with red bruises around the nose and mouth. These rankles burst, leaving a sobbing, red rash that gets to be crusted. This rash might be bothersome but is not painful. Swollen lymph nodes (bean shaped glands that help your body fight infection) may likewise involved with impetigo contagiosa.

Infantigo Wiki  

Most of the people are searching term infantigo on Wikipedia but they are unable to find anything on any Wikipedia or encyclopedia base sites. Inafntigo is not actual term for this disease or medical terminology used for this disease is impetigo. So, the page related to this information is present on Wikipedia but with name impetigo.

How do you get Infantigo or infantigo transmission 

Infantigo is spread by direct contact with lesions or possibly with nasal carriers. The incubation period of infantigo is one to three days, depending on many factors. Once the infantigo rash has dried, the Streptococci in the air are not infectious to intact skin.

Infantigo Other Names  

Infantigo is also termed as school sores, infintigo, infatigo, infentigo, enfantago, infantago, infitigo, infintago, impetigo.

What is Infantigo?


Infantigo is a skin disease. In this disease, red colored sores appear on skin. It is a highly contagious disease. This disease have several other names I.e. infintigo, infatigo, infantago, enfantago, infentigo, infitigo, infintago and the most common is impetigo. This disease is of great concern for mother's because red sores occur in children at very little age. In infants it occurs commonly around lips and chin. The red sores appear as lesions on face usually around mouth. Bacteria is the organism responsible for causing red sores on face. It readily spreads with direct contact. It is most common in preschool kids because their immune system is not strong enough to fight against invading viruses and bacteria. Once it occurs around mouth or chin, it starts spreading on face and covers nose too.


Gradually it covers the whole face. The red sores are in the form of blisters filled with fluid or pus. This disease is also known as school rash because of its common occurrence in infants or preschool kids. Round about 10 million people suffer from infantigo in America and around 150 million people suffer from infantigo per year world wide. Infantigo has three main types I.e. ecthyma, bullous infantigo and non bullous infantigo. Ecthyma infantigo occurs on legs and arms. Blisters occur in the form clusters. Skin becomes red and patient feels pain at the site of rash. It occurs due to infiltration of dermis through swollen lymph nodes. Bullous infantigo occurs in kids with age less than 2 years. These are not counted as sores but they cause pain. When fluid oozes out from these rankles, it leaves yellow marks on skin known as scabs. Non bullous infantigo affects more than 70 percent of patients. Infantigo contagious is another name of non bullous infantigo. It occurs around mouth near lips.

What is Infantigo?

Infantigo Definition:


Infantigo is defined as a condition in which red colored sores pop up on skin. It occurs secondary to bacterial infection. It is highly contagious and spreads readily on direct contact. Infantigo is a common disease which occurs in kids. Usually kids smaller than 2 years are more prone to infantigo. Because of its age specific occurrence, it is also known as school rash. It spreads readily to other parts of body or covers the whole face on direct contact. It grows in no time. The red scars are in fact small blisters which are filled with pus or fluid. When the fluid from these blisters ooze out, it causes itching. Staphylococcal bacteria is the causative agent which causes this disease. Other than this, streptococcus bacteria is also responsible for this disease but rarely. It does not only spread through direct contact but an insect can spread it. When a fly or any other insect sits on these blisters or open wound, can transmit this disease to another person via biting. Pain is the main symptom of infantigo, which occurs in its all types. As it occurs secondary to an infection, so antibiotics are prescribed to treat this disease.

Infantigo Symptoms


Infantigo is the condition in which red colored sores appear on skin. It is a dermatological disease which has a systemic cause. It is a highly contagious disease which readily spreads on direct contact. When we talk about its symptoms, it has visible symptoms because it is a skin disease and occurs on visible parts of body. It is a bit confusing disease, because it resemble with many other diseases. The following symptoms will help a lot in differentiating infantigo disease from other diseases. Red bruising occurs on skin because of blisters appearance and scars look like wounds or we can say open wounds.


The blisters are red in color and are filled with yellowish white fluid or pus. Whenever these fluid or pus filled blisters get burst, the fluid oozes out from these blisters and spreads around the blisters. This fluid makes skin hard and yellow in color. And then it starts appearing like scabs. This fluid cause itching and redness on skin. It does not only affect mouth but it can occur on limbs, chest and around trunk as well. Around trunk, these red scars are not considered blisters because these are known as rankles. All the sores are filled with liquid. These blisters are the main reason behind redness of skin. So skin remains red and even soothing skin with ice packs does not help in reducing redness. The pus or fluid has an acidic nature which burns skin when it comes in contact with skin surface.

Infantigo Symptoms


These blisters filled with fluid, if does not burst, will turn in to severe form I.e. ulcers. Ulcers make the condition more severe. Patient used to rub these blisters all the time. And rubbing makes it worse. In some cases, when fluid does not ooze out of blisters, it starts turning yellow in color. Basically it is the crust of blisters turning yellow in color. All these symptoms differentiate it from other skin diseases. Patient should take preventive measures to avoid spreading of disease. Main preventive measures include cleaning of skin regularly. A mild soap or face wash should be used for regular face washing. Patient should avoid direct contact with others. Patient should keep their clothes separate from others and regular use of towel should be limited.

Use of water should be limited because excess water contact with blisters can make it bad and leave scars on face forever. Patient should keep themselves hydrated because increased water intake helps immune system to work well and beat infection. Other than these preventive measures, patient needs to take medications. Only medications can make these blisters dry and eliminate from skin. Special care is required for infantigo. Antibiotics are used as medicines because these blisters are formed as a result of an infection specifically bacterial infection. Antibiotics helps in producing antibodies against antigens of infection. Staphylococcus and streptococcus bacteria are the causative agents. There isn't any other treatment option for these blisters.

Infantigo Causes


Infantigo is a skin disease which occurs due to an infectious bacteria. In this disease, the red colored sores appear on skin. It most commonly occurs on face specially around mouth and nose. Other than face it also occurs on limbs and trunk region of the body. The red colored sores are actually blisters which are round in shape covered with skin and filled with pus or fluid. The fluid is clear transparent or sometimes have yellowish appearance due to pus formation.


These blisters give skin red color. It is a highly contagious disease. It's symptoms are clear and can be diagnosed easily. When we talk about its cause, it occurs due to an infectious bacteria named streptococcus and staphylococcus bacteria. These two bacteria are highly contagious and enters in to the skin as a result of a wound. It mainly affects the dermis of skin and destroy it. Dermis is the top most layer of skin in which due to these bacteria red colored blisters are formed which are filled with fluid or pus. Blister formation on skin causes severe itching and redness.

It commonly occurs in people who live in warm and humid areas because this bacteria needs humid kind of environment to grow or multiply fast and causes infection. Warm weather plays in important role to cause this disease. Other than weather, patient needs to adopt some changes in their life style. Like they should keep their self cleaning regular because poor hygiene contributes to cause this disease. Poor cleaning conditions and poor hygiene and wetting of skin around mouth may lead to this disease. Bursting of fluid out of blisters or nasal discharge can cause this disease to other parts of body on direct contact.

Infantigo Causes

These fluid transfer causative bacteria to other parts of body and lead to appearance of symptoms of infantigo. Kids under the age of two years are widely affected by this disease and that's why it is also known as school rash. Preschool kids are the main victim. In school when kids with Infantigo touch other normal and healthy kids, transfer bacteria which start spreading on the skin of other kid. School going kids should wash their hands with an anti bacterial soap to avoid spreading of the disease. The causative bacteria may also present in the these fluid. So mother's should avoid direct contact with runny nose and use some sort of cloth to clean it.

It can also spread via changing diaper of baby and changing clothes. So mother's should avoid direct contact with all this stuff to avoid infection. All of the above mentioned causes are the most expected causes of infantigo. The basic cause is the bacterial spread I.e. streptococcus and staphylococcus bacteria. According to the root cause, the treatment include use of antibiotics only. Because antibiotics are active against infections occurring in body. Antibiotics are selected according to their spectrum of action and their duration is also decided. Antibiotics helps to treat this disease fast.

Infantigo Treatment


Infantigo is a bacterial infection which occurs on skin upper most layer. In this disease, rash occurs on skin specially around mouth. Basically these are red colored blisters which appear in the form of little colonies or we can say in the form of groups. These blisters are filled with pus or fluid. These fluid filled blisters when get burst, the fluid spreads on skin surrounding these blisters. This fluid provides media for new blisters to grow. It is a bacterial infection of skin so it's treatment will depend upon the medications. Medications mainly involve antibiotics and some pain killers to sooth the blisters.


Antibiotics are available in the form of pills and ointments. Primary function of these antibiotics is to soothe skin and reduce pain and redness. Patient needs to be consistent with the treatment therapy. In case of antibiotic pills, a 7 day treatment plan is designed to treat infantigo. The duration of therapy and course of antibiotic pills are selected on the basis of patient condition. Biggest benefit of oral antibiotics is that it kills bacteria from inside the body and removes them from blood stream. It helps to reduce redness on skin along with reduction in yellow scabs formed due to fluid of blisters. Several days are required to go back to school for kids. The 2nd choice of treatment is antibiotics in the form of an ointment.

Infantigo Treatment


Ointment is a semi solid dosage form and is in the texture of paste, cream or liquid. It's primary function is to reduce surface redness and soreness. Ointment is the most effective because it has penetrating action. It actively penetrates inside blisters and kills pathogen inside the fluid. Ointment has anti microbial activity which reduces the chances of yellow scabs formation. Patient is asked to wash their skin with Luke warm water and then apply ointment. Other than these medications, some home remedies are also effective. Tea tree oil is the best oil for killing pathogenic bacteria from skin surface.

It works by eroding surface of skin and killing bacteria inside effectively. Pure tea tree oil has better effect than artificial one. Patient is advised to dip cotton ball in tea tree oil and then apply it directly on the blisters. Let it absorb for at least 20 minutes and then rinse it with Luke warm water. Garlic cloves are also used and are considered the best herbal treatment for red blisters. Take one garlic clove and crush it or cut it in pieces. Then add 2 to 3 drops of tea tree oil in it (optional). Apply a thick coat of garlic paste on infantigo rash and let it absorb for at least 30 min.

After that wash it with Luke warm water. Manuka honey is another home remedy used to treat infantigo. Natural manuka honey is considered to have anti bacterial properties. It effectively helps to eliminate bacteria from the surface of skin and reduces itching and redness. It is also used in the same way as garlic paste is used.

Infantigo Rash


Infantigo is a skin rash which occurs due to an infection. It occurs commonly on the skin of face specially around mouth. It usually affects kids of age less than 2 years. That's why this disease is also called school rash. In this skin disease, red colored blisters are formed on the surface of skin. These blisters are red in color because these are fluid or pus filled. It occurs due to an infection and infection results due to an open wound or scar. When the wound is open, streptococcus and staphylococcus bacteria invade inside body and cause infection. Redness is the main sign of an infection. Other sign and symptoms include formation of blisters in the form of colonies or we can say in the form of groups.


These blisters are fluid filled or pus filled. Whenever this fluid from blisters oozes out, it spreads around blisters all over the skin. When fluid comes in contact with skin, it causes itching. Patient cant resist itching and rub aggressively. Excessive rubbing of blisters leads to skin rash I.e. redness. So itching is the cause behind redness of skin. It is a highly contagious disease. It spreads readily. Bacterial invasion is the only cause but it can spread in many ways. Like a fly or any insect can take bacteria with them and then spread it to other people. Direct touch should be avoided because it can spread disease readily. Kids with school rash should follow some preventive measures to stop it from spreading.

Infantigo Rash

Patient should avoid using excess water for cleaning face. Try to avoid harsh soaps and face wash etc. Patient should keep his things separate like towel used on blisters. Treatment of infantago rash include two types of dosage form of antibiotics I.e. pills and ointments. Antibiotic pills are the most effective way of treatment because it kills bacteria systemically. There is a 7 day course of antibiotic and patient should be consistent. Sometimes the duration of therapy is increased according to the condition of patient and severity of disease. Ointment is used on the surface of skin. Ointments is effective because it has the property of penetrating inside blisters and kills bacteria within fluids.

Other than this, some home remedies are also used frequently to reduce the rash and redness of skin. Home remedies include use of natural honey, coconut oil, tea tree oil and garlic cloves. All of the above mentioned things should be applied directly on the rash and let it absorb for about 20 to 30 min. After the specified time wash face with Luke warm water.

Patient should keep himself hydrated all the time because hydration will help in curing this disease. No other medications should be administered because those can reduce the effect of Antibiotics. All the antibiotics and home remedies have a primary function to reduce itching and redness and rash of skin. Patient usually takes 1 and a half week to recover fully from this disease.

Infantigo Infection


Infantigo is a dermatological disease which occurs due to an infection. In this disease, blisters or scars occur on the surface of skin. These scars or blisters are red in color. It commonly occurs in children below 2 years of age. It occurs as a result of invasion of bacteria in systemic circulation. Whenever there is a wound or cut, the bacteria find their way inside the body and causes infection. Redness and itching around the red scars are the primary symptoms of infection. It is also known as school rash because it occurs in preschool children. It is a highly contagious disease which spread readily within a day.


The blisters of infantigo contains fluid or pus in them. When the fluid oozes out of these blisters, it spreads on skin and causes irritation. Due to excessive rubbing, the skin becomes red. It occurs due to a bacterial infection. Bacteria involved in this infection are streptococcus and staphylococcus species of bacteria. These bacteria need hot and humid place for growth and spread infection. People living in warm and humid places are more prone to this infection. Because these bacterial species readily grow in favorable temperature.

Infantigo Infection

Infection may spread all over the body but it mainly occurs on face. Specially around mouth and nose. Other than face it occurs on trunk and abdominal region and on thighs. It can also occur at neck region. It spreads readily on the body if precautions are not followed. This bacterial infection is not easy to eradicate because of its high contagious profile. It does not only spread through direct contact but it can also spread indirectly. Like a small insect can spread it easily. Use of patient's towel by a healthy person can make him infected. It commonly spreads through children because mother's do not use much precautions while touching their child and changing their clothes. It is a visible disease and does not need diagnostic tests.

But it's diagnosis is necessary because it's symptoms resemble with symptoms of many other skin diseases. It is a bacterial infection so it's treatment include clearing of causative bacterial species from systemic circulation. Antibiotics treatment is the best choice of treatment for infantigo. Antibiotics helps in killing causative bacterial species inside systemic circulation. Antibiotics are available in the form of two different dosage forms. It is available in the form of pills and ointments. Pills help to kill bacterial species inside blood stream and clears the whole body. Antibiotic pills have a course of treatment consist of at least 7 days.

Ointment is also effective because it's active ingredient have the capacity to invade inside blisters and kills bacteria present inside the fluid. Other than these antibiotics, some home remedies also helps to kill bacteria and provide soothing effect to skin. These helps to reduce itching and redness from skin surface. Some pain killers help to reduce pain. Common home remedies include use of natural honey, garlic cloves, tea tree oil and coconut oil. The tea tree oil home remedy is the most effective home remedy.

What does Infantigo Look like?


Infantigo is a disease in which red colored scars appear on skin. It occurs as a result of a bacterial infection. It is a highly contagious disease and readily spread on direct contact. It most commonly occurs in kids and rarely occurs in old age person. The chances of occurrence are high in children less than 2 years. It is also known as preschool rash.


It occurs due to a bacterial infection and the bacteria involved are streptococcus and staphylococcus species of bacteria. In this disease red colored scars appear on skin in the form of round circles. In fact these are not just scars but these are blisters which occurs on skin surface. These blisters are filled with fluid or pus. This fluid or pus is rich in causative bacterial species. Initially red spots are formed in the form of clusters on skin. And then it start developing in to blisters. These blisters start producing fluid in them.

What does Infantigo Look like?

This fluid makes it red in color. Whenever the fluid from these blisters ooze out or these blisters get burst, the fluid spreads on skin surrounding these blisters. These red sores or blisters are not painful. Patient feels itching and irritation on skin which makes patient to rub aggressively. Patient should avoid rubbing and scratching on these blisters.  As excessive rubbing or scratching will burst blisters and the fluid will come out of them. Fluid will spread around will lead to the formation of new blisters or sores. Main characteristics of this skin disease are:

  • Skin turns red in color.
  • Sores have a defined boundary.
  • Boundary is made of red colored small spots. These spots are present in the form of clusters.
  • Blisters are fully filled with fluid or pus.
  • These blisters get burst or the fluid oozes out of these blisters and spread around.
  • When fluid comes in contact with skin, it causes irritation and itching on skin.
  • This fluid or pus leads to the formation of yellow colored scabs.
  • Yellow scabs may become permanent if treatment does not start on time.

Infantigo usually occurs in children with age less than 2 years. Kids are more prone to this disease because their immune system is weak and under development so bacteria readily grow inside their body. Baby skin is very soft and delicate with thin upper most layer of skin. So chances of lesions on baby's face are higher as compared to adults. Usually it starts from chin or area around mouth. It also occurs on other body parts like legs, arms and stomach.

It occurs on neck region rarely. The bullous type of infantigo mostly affects arms in adults. In adults, erosion occurs on the top most skin of arms. On legs, the area around inner thighs and lower calf more readily develops red sores and blisters. Sports man wearing shorts more commonly develop red sores on their lower calf.

How do you get Infantigo?


Infantigo is a disease which is highly contagious. Red colored scars appear on skin in this disease. It most commonly occurs on exposed skin areas like face, neck, stomach, legs and arms. Kids are more prone to this disease because of their under developed or weak immune system. It is also called as preschool rash because it commonly occurs in children less than 2 years of age. It also occurs in adults but the ratio is very less. It occurs as a result of bacterial infection.

Whenever there is an open wound or scar, the bacteria invade inside body through it. These bacteria start growing inside the body of patient because the body temperature and humidity factors are the desired requirements of bacteria to grow. Usually streptococcus and staphylococcus species of bacteria are responsible for causing infantigo. It is a highly contagious disease and spread readily on direct contact. The blisters of infantigo contain bacteria rich fluid in them.


Whenever these blisters burst or this fluid or pus oozes out of these blisters, it spreads around the skin surrounding these blisters. When fluid comes in contact with skin, it causes irritation and itching on skin. This fluid leads to the formation of new blisters on skin. And that's how it spread. It was all about spreading of disease within person, when we talk about inter person disease spread, there are many ways of disease spread. Physical contact is on top. School going kids when accidentally touch the skin of the infected kid, they become infected too.

How do you get Infantigo?

So kids should be trained about washing their hand with an anti bacterial soap after they touch an infected kid. Mothers can get infection if they accidentally touch infected red scars of their baby while changing clothes or diaper. Nasal discharge of infected kids also contain causative bacterial species in it. So it can also spread disease from person to person. To avoid this, patient should use a clean paper towel or his separate towel to wipe off his runny nose. And the towel should not be used by anyone else.

Patient should not touch his wound frequently because it can spread disease more aggressively. Excessive rubbing or scratching can lead to more blisters formation and the condition becomes severe. Streptococcus and staphylococcus species of bacteria need humid and warm habitat to grow. So poor hygiene of people living in warm areas can readily cause this disease. Mothers have to prevent touching skin of their children while changing their clothes and diaper. Use if antibiotics soap is necessary after every time they touch their baby.

Patient should take care of his personal hygiene. using antibiotic soap will help a lot in killing bacteria and prevent spreading of infection. Patient should avoid using blanket and pillow with his partner because this disease can spread that way. Patient should keep his items separate which are of regular use. He should keep himself hydrated all the time.

Is infantigo contagious?


Infantago is a highly contagious skin disease. It commonly occurs on the upper most layer of skin. In this disease, red colored scars appear on the surface of skin. Basically these are not scars, these are small blisters which are present in the form of colonies or groups. These blisters are red in color and are filled with pus or fluid. The contagious profile of this disease is very high. It occurs as a result of bacterial infection. Bacterial species I.e. streptococcus and staphylococcus species are resoonsible for causing this disease.


Infantigo occurs commonly in kids below 2 years of age. It is also known as school rash. It mainly affects small kids because kids have weak immunity system. The immune system is under developed against such infections that's why kids are more prone to this disease. It readily spreads from one part of body to another. Usually it occurs on face specially around nose and mouth. It also occurs on neck, trunk and abdominal region, thighs and lower limbs. It spread due to the fluid filled inside blisters. When the fluid filled blisters get burst or fluid oozes out of the blister, it spreads on the skin surrounding blisters.

Is infantigo contagious?

When it comes in contact with skin, it causes irritation and then leads to the formation of new blisters. Like wise it spreads all over the body. It does not only spread on direct contact with red scars, but it can also spread indirectly. Flies and mosquitoes when bite an infected person, takes bacterial germs with them and when the same mosquito or fly bites a healthy person, the infection transfers to him. That's how insects spread this disease. Mothers taking care of their infants, there are huge chances of spreading of disease from infants to mother and so on. School going kids acquire this disease readily because when they play in school with infected kids, the germs transfer and make them infected too.

When a healthy person use towel of an infected one, the infection spread. So patient should take much care and should start his treatment on time to control it's spreading. Some precautions should be followed to make it stop from getting worse or spread on other body parts. Patient needs to improve his personal hygiene by keeping himself clean. A proper germ killing soap should be used to wash hands regularly.

On irritation, patient should avoid touching the red scars and should not rub them vigorously. All the belongings of the infected kid or adult should be separated. Even healthy person should avoid sleeping with infected one. Patient should sleep alone and should not share his pillow with someone. In case of women, they should wear gloves while washing dishes, changing diaper of their baby and while cooking. Patient should keep his hands clean and should wash before every ointment application.
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