What is Infantigo?

Infantigo is a skin disease. In this disease, red colored sores appear on skin. It is a highly contagious disease. This disease have several other names I.e. infintigo, infatigo, infantago, enfantago, infentigo, infitigo, infintago and the most common is impetigo. This disease is of great concern for mother's because red sores occur in children at very little age. In infants it occurs commonly around lips and chin. The red sores appear as lesions on face usually around mouth. Bacteria is the organism responsible for causing red sores on face. It readily spreads with direct contact. It is most common in preschool kids because their immune system is not strong enough to fight against invading viruses and bacteria. Once it occurs around mouth or chin, it starts spreading on face and covers nose too.
Gradually it covers the whole face. The red sores are in the form of blisters filled with fluid or pus. This disease is also known as school rash because of its common occurrence in infants or preschool kids. Round about 10 million people suffer from infantigo in America and around 150 million people suffer from infantigo per year world wide. Infantigo has three main types I.e. ecthyma, bullous infantigo and non bullous infantigo. Ecthyma infantigo occurs on legs and arms. Blisters occur in the form clusters. Skin becomes red and patient feels pain at the site of rash. It occurs due to infiltration of dermis through swollen lymph nodes. Bullous infantigo occurs in kids with age less than 2 years. These are not counted as sores but they cause pain. When fluid oozes out from these rankles, it leaves yellow marks on skin known as scabs. Non bullous infantigo affects more than 70 percent of patients. Infantigo contagious is another name of non bullous infantigo. It occurs around mouth near lips.

What is Infantigo?

Infantigo Definition:

Infantigo is defined as a condition in which red colored sores pop up on skin. It occurs secondary to bacterial infection. It is highly contagious and spreads readily on direct contact. Infantigo is a common disease which occurs in kids. Usually kids smaller than 2 years are more prone to infantigo. Because of its age specific occurrence, it is also known as school rash. It spreads readily to other parts of body or covers the whole face on direct contact. It grows in no time. The red scars are in fact small blisters which are filled with pus or fluid. When the fluid from these blisters ooze out, it causes itching. Staphylococcal bacteria is the causative agent which causes this disease.

Other than this, streptococcus bacteria is also responsible for this disease but rarely. It does not only spread through direct contact but an insect can spread it. When a fly or any other insect sits on these blisters or open wound, can transmit this disease to another person via biting. Pain is the main symptom of infantigo, which occurs in its all types. As it occurs secondary to an infection, so antibiotics are prescribed to treat this disease.

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Infantigo Symptoms

Infantigo is the condition in which red colored sores appear on skin. It is a dermatological disease which has a systemic cause. It is a highly contagious disease which readily spreads on direct contact. When we talk about its symptoms, it has visible symptoms because it is a skin disease and occurs on visible parts of body. It is a bit confusing disease, because it resemble with many other diseases. The following symptoms will help a lot in differentiating infantigo disease from other diseases. Red bruising occurs on skin because of blisters appearance and scars look like wounds or we can say open wounds.

The blisters are red in color and are filled with yellowish white fluid or pus. Whenever these fluid or pus filled blisters get burst, the fluid oozes out from these blisters and spreads around the blisters. This fluid makes skin hard and yellow in color. And then it starts appearing like scabs. This fluid cause itching and redness on skin. It does not only affect mouth but it can occur on limbs, chest and around trunk as well. Around trunk, these red scars are not considered blisters because these are known as rankles. All the sores are filled with liquid. These blisters are the main reason behind redness of skin. So skin remains red and even soothing skin with ice packs does not help in reducing redness. The pus or fluid has an acidic nature which burns skin when it comes in contact with skin surface.

Infantigo Symptoms

These blisters filled with fluid, if does not burst, will turn in to severe form I.e. ulcers. Ulcers make the condition more severe. Patient used to rub these blisters all the time. And rubbing makes it worse. In some cases, when fluid does not ooze out of blisters, it starts turning yellow in color. Basically it is the crust of blisters turning yellow in color. All these symptoms differentiate it from other skin diseases. Patient should take preventive measures to avoid spreading of disease. Main preventive measures include cleaning of skin regularly. A mild soap or face wash should be used for regular face washing. Patient should avoid direct contact with others. Patient should keep their clothes separate from others and regular use of towel should be limited.

Use of water should be limited because excess water contact with blisters can make it bad and leave scars on face forever. Patient should keep themselves hydrated because increased water intake helps immune system to work well and beat infection. Other than these preventive measures, patient needs to take medications. Only medications can make these blisters dry and eliminate from skin. Special care is required for infantigo. Antibiotics are used as medicines because these blisters are formed as a result of an infection specifically bacterial infection. Antibiotics helps in producing antibodies against antigens of infection. Staphylococcus and streptococcus bacteria are the causative agents. There isn't any other treatment options for these blisters.

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Infantigo Causes

Infantigo is a skin disease which occurs due to an infectious bacteria. In this disease, the red colored sores appear on skin. It most commonly occurs on face specially around mouth and nose. Other than face it also occurs on limbs and trunk region of the body. The red colored sores are actually blisters which are round in shape covered with skin and filled with pus or fluid. The fluid is clear transparent or sometimes have yellowish appearance due to pus formation.

These blisters give skin red color. It is a highly contagious disease. It's symptoms are clear and can be diagnosed easily. When we talk about its cause, it occurs due to an infectious bacteria named streptococcus and staphylococcus bacteria. These two bacteria are highly contagious and enters in to the skin as a result of a wound. It mainly affects the dermis of skin and destroy it. Dermis is the top most layer of skin in which due to these bacteria red colored blisters are formed which are filled with fluid or pus. Blister formation on skin causes severe itching and redness.

It commonly occurs in people who live in warm and humid areas because this bacteria needs humid kind of environment to grow or multiply fast and causes infection. Warm weather plays in important role to cause this disease. Other than weather, patient needs to adopt some changes in their life style. Like they should keep their self cleaning regular because poor hygiene contributes to cause this disease. Poor cleaning conditions and poor hygiene and wetting of skin around mouth may lead to this disease. Bursting of fluid out of blisters or nasal discharge can cause this disease to other parts of body on direct contact.

Infantigo Causes

These fluid transfer causative bacteria to other parts of body and lead to appearance of symptoms of infantigo. Kids under the age of two years are widely affected by this disease and that's why it is also known as school rash. Preschool kids are the main victim. In school when kids with Infantigo touch other normal and healthy kids, transfer bacteria which start spreading on the skin of other kid. School going kids should wash their hands with an anti bacterial soap to avoid spreading of the disease. The causative bacteria may also present in the these fluid. So mother's should avoid direct contact with runny nose and use some sort of cloth to clean it.
It can also spread via changing diaper of baby and changing clothes. So mother's should avoid direct contact with all this stuff to avoid infection. All of the above mentioned causes are the most expected causes of infantigo. The basic cause is the bacterial spread I.e. streptococcus and staphylococcus bacteria. According to the root cause, the treatment include use of antibiotics only. Because antibiotics are active against infections occurring in body. Antibiotics are selected according to their spectrum of action and their duration is also decided. Antibiotics helps to treat this disease fast.

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Infantigo Treatment

Infantigo is a bacterial infection which occurs on skin upper most layer. In this disease, rash occurs on skin specially around mouth. Basically these are red colored blisters which appear in the form of little colonies or we can say in the form of groups. These blisters are filled with pus or fluid. These fluid filled blisters when get burst, the fluid spreads on skin surrounding these blisters. This fluid provides media for new blisters to grow. It is a bacterial infection of skin so it's treatment will depend upon the medications. Medications mainly involve antibiotics and some pain killers to sooth the blisters.

Antibiotics are available in the form of pills and ointments. Primary function of these antibiotics is to soothe skin and reduce pain and redness. Patient needs to be consistent with the treatment therapy. In case of antibiotic pills, a 7 day treatment plan is designed to treat infantigo. The duration of therapy and course of antibiotic pills are selected on the basis of patient condition. Biggest benefit of oral antibiotics is that it kills bacteria from inside the body and removes them from blood stream. It helps to reduce redness on skin along with reduction in yellow scabs formed due to fluid of blisters. Several days are required to go back to school for kids. The 2nd choice of treatment is antibiotics in the form of an ointment.

Infantigo Treatment

Ointment is a semi solid dosage form and is in the texture of paste, cream or liquid. It's primary function is to reduce surface redness and soreness. Ointment is the most effective because it has penetrating action. It actively penetrates inside blisters and kills pathogen inside the fluid. Ointment has anti microbial activity which reduces the chances of yellow scabs formation. Patient is asked to wash their skin with Luke warm water and then apply ointment. Other than these medications, some home remedies are also effective. Tea tree oil is the best oil for killing pathogenic bacteria from skin surface.

It works by eroding surface of skin and killing bacteria inside effectively. Pure tea tree oil has better effect than artificial one. Patient is advised to dip cotton ball in tea tree oil and then apply it directly on the blisters. Let it absorb for at least 20 minutes and then rinse it with Luke warm water. Garlic cloves are also used and are considered the best herbal treatment for red blisters. Take one garlic clove and crush it or cut it in pieces. Then add 2 to 3 drops of tea tree oil in it (optional). Apply a thick coat of garlic paste on infantigo rash and let it absorb for at least 30 min.

After that wash it with Luke warm water. Manuka honey is another home remedy used to treat infantigo. Natural manuka honey is considered to have anti bacterial properties. It effectively helps to eliminate bacteria from the surface of skin and reduces itching and redness. It is also used in the same way as garlic paste is used. 

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